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Dreams And The Ancient World

The interpretation of dreams by dream experts may be almost as old as

dreaming itself. We know that all humans, and many animals, dream every

night, and humans have always been fascinated to learn what causes dreams

and what they mean.

The interpretation of dreams dates back at least as far as 3000-4000 B.C. We know that because the interpretations of dreams were recorded in permanent form on clay tablets. It is thought that many primitive peoples were unable to initially distinguish between the real world and the dream world. In many

cases, these people looked upon the dream world as an extension of the

the physical world around them, and in many cases they saw the dream world as

more powerful than the waking one.

Dream interpretation was such an important 􀁽field to the ancient Greeks and

In the Roman world, dream interpreters often accompanied generals and other

military leaders into battles. Dreams were taken extremely seriously, and the

Greeks and Romans in particular often viewed dreams as messages sent by

their Gods.

Dreams also had a religious context in ancient Egypt, and priests there

doubled as dream interpreters. Dreams were among the items recorded by the

ancient Egyptians in the form of hieroglyphics. Those whose dreams were

especially vivid or significant were thought to be blessed and were given

special status in these ancient societies. Likewise, people who were able to

interpret dreams were thought to receive these gifts directly from the gods,

and they enjoyed a special status in society as well.

There are over 700 mentions of dreams in the bible, and people in biblical

times saw dreams as very significant. Dreams and their interpretations are

mentioned in many of the most significant books of the bible and other holy


In many cases, dreams were often seen as a form of prophecy. People often

interpreted their dreams as omens or warnings and adjusted their activities

accordingly. Dreams were often thought of as omens from deities, as

messages from spirits, or as messages from departed souls. In some cases,

dreams were even seen as the work of demons, meant to confuse and trouble

the dreamer.

Dreams were so important that they often dictated the actions of political and

military leaders, affecting everything from the prosecution of a battle to the

the outcome of a political decision. Dreams were also thought to provide vital clues

to healers, and they were used in the diagnosis and treatment of all manners

of illness.

Dreaming was often looked upon by indigenous peoples as a way to

commune directly with Gods and Spirits and dreams are still used in this way

by cultures around the world. Many people believed, and some still do, that

during dream sleep, the soul leaves the body and communes with the spirit


The Chinese were one culture who believed that the soul left the body each

night during dream sleep. They believed that if the dreamer were suddenly

awakened the soul may not be able to return to the body. That is why some

Chinese are still leery about the use of alarm clocks. This is just one example of

how ancient legends can linger in the modern world.

Some Indigenous Mexican and Native American societies share this ancient

view of the importance of dreams and share the belief in a separate

dimension that is visited during dream sleep. These people believed that their

departed ancestors lived in their dreams and that they were able to take forms

like animals and plants. Thus dreams were seen as a way for them to

commune with their recent and ancient ancestors, and to gather wisdom and

knowledge that would serve them in their waking lives. Dreams were also

seen as ways to gather information about their purpose or mission in life.

The respect for dreams changed radically early in the 19th century, and dreams

in that era were often dismissed as reactions to anxiety, outside noises, or even

bad food and indigestion. During this period of time, dreams were thought to

have no meaning at all, and interest in dream interpretation all but

evaporated. This all changed, however, with the arrival of Sigmund Freud later

in the 19th century. Sigmund Freud stunned the world of psychiatry by

stressing the importance of dreams, and he revived the once-dead art of

dream interpretation.

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